The CD brings
a selection of wind trios from the Swarzenberg music collection
in Cesky Krumlov, featuring compositions that were once very popular
but have since been unjustly neglected. Written by famous as well
as lesser-known composers they used to be widely performed in the
There are several trios, mostly for two oboes and English horn,
among musical materials in the library at the Cesky Krumlov Castle
where a number of well-known musicians were once active.
The Novak trio has arranged them for their own combination of instruments,
having thus added to their appeal.
Joseph Haydn (1732 Rohrau - 1809 Vienna)
spent a part of his life as court Kapellmeister to Count Esterházy.
According to the contract, his duties of music director included
management of the court orchestra ensuring that the musicians were
neatly and uniformly dressed. The aristocrats who attended Count's
parties often brought with them their musical instruments and liked
to try out the new compositions. Divertimento in G major for violin,
viola and cello, one of the trios written by the talented industrious
and modest composers, was actually a gift to this company of musicians.
Joseph Tribensee (1760 Vienna - 1846 Prague)
was known in his time as a skilful oboist, outstanding Kapellmeister,
and agile composer. He succeeded Carl Maria von Weber as music director
at the Estates Theatre in Prague, where he stayed for 19 years.
His Trio in F used to be performed by different groups of instruments
as suggested by the surviving copies.
Jan Vent (1745 Divice near Louny - 1801 Vienna)
was an older colleague and father-in-law of Joseph Tribensee. He
was oboist in the Count's Jan Josef Pachta orchestra in Prague and
later in the imperial court orchestra in Vienna. Trio in B flat
is one of the several trios for two oboes and English horn that
are part of Swarzenberg collection.
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 Bonn - 1872 Vienna)
composed the Trio in C, Op 87 in 1795 for two oboes and English
horn. We have selected it for this CD because the fact that the
score has also been deposited in the Cesky Krumlov library attests
the popularity of this composition with the local aristocrats.
Antonin Vranicky (1761 Nova Rise - 1820 Vienna)
studied with Haydn and Mozart in Vienna. He became court violinist
and Kapellmeister to Prince Lobkowitz in Roudnice nad Labem and
later in Vienna. His compositions were published in Ausburg, Offenbach,
and Vienna and many have been deposited in the Lobkowitz archives
in Roudnice. Trio in C is unusually large for its time, and contains
some bold harmonic elements anticipating in the same way as Beethoven,
the advent of a new style namely Romanticism.