- Allegro Moderato
F. Kramář - Romanza
The era of musical Classicism ushered in plethora of compositions
for a variety of wind instrumentations. Wind trios were written
preponderantly for reed instruments, evolving from early pieces
for two oboes and bassoon, to later music for two clarinets and
bassoon. Some trios dating from that period feature one type of
instrument each, e.g., two oboes and English horn, or three basset-horns.
In its turn, the 20th century has witnessed the stabilization of
a standard format comprised of oboe, clarinet and bassoon.
The Five Divertimentos K. 439b of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756
Salzburg - 1791 Vienna) was destined for three wind instruments.
The Divertimento No. 2 has an unusually short introductory movement
in miniature sonata form. The larghetto featuring chromatic procedures
shows clear affinity with the music of Le Nozze di Figaro. The rondo
is extensive, standing comparison with the rondos of the same composer's
great string quartets.
Frantisek Xaver Dusek (1731 Choteborky - 1799 Prague),
a friend of Mozart and founder of the Czech piano school, produced
several dozen works for wind instruments. His Six Parthias for Two
Oboes and Bassoon dates from 1763. Its form is brief, stylization
simple, combining Classical style with elements of a Czech folk
Francois Devienne (1759 Joinville - 1803 Paris) first bassoonist
of the Paris Opéra apart from which he also played the flute and
from 1780 served as a chamber musician under Cardinal de Rohan.
His trio in B flat major displays a gratifying chamber stylization,
with each of the three instruments receiving an equal share as regards
both thematic involvement and virtuoso technique.
Jiri Druzecky (1745 Jemniky - 1819 Buda), military
bandleader and timpanist, was active among other places in Linz,
Bratislava and Budapest where became music director in the service
in the service of the Governor of Hungary, in 1813. Druzecky's Grand
Divertimento for Three Basset-horns consists of 32 continually numbered
Frantisek Vincenc Kramar-Krommer (1759 Kamenice near
Trebic - 1831 Vienna) embarked on his career as a musician in
Hungary, in 1815 to enter the service of the Imperial Court in Vienna.
His Trio in F major ears all the characteristic features of Kramar's
late-Classical style, displaying a host of original devices as regards
both harmony and form. The rondo, fresh and crisp, attests to the
composer's inspired feeling for the characteristic Czech melodiousness.